Types of job interviews

When you already have a job interview, you are participating in an exchange of information or dialogue between the so-called interviewer (representing the company or business) and the interviewee (applicant for the position). The interviewer will try to know your professional career in depth and will get the most of the information. To do new this, you can follow one of the three types of interviews already known and that I will comment on below.

The interviewer or interviewers will surely have prior information about your professional work profile. They will ask you questions that will complement this information and also about your hobbies, skills, motivations and other points, depending on the position applied for. They will also test your behavioral reactions with questions prepared with that objective and in some cases they will pose you supposed situations to know your reactions and responses related to the case.

FREE OR NON-STRUCTURED new INTERVIEW.

In this type of interview, new the interviewer will ask open questions so that you are the one to lead and give the necessary information, for example, he will say: “tell me about the jobs you new have had in the last 5 years”, “tell me about yourself”, etc. . Here you should prepare the interview to be able to highlight your strengths and give the information you want in relation to the position applied for. You should omit unnecessary information, avoid comments that do not contribute and give the image of always having an organized response for this type of interview. Between question and question, there may be questions that ask for exact information about something that draws the interviewer’s attention. Once the question is satisfied, you try to resume your original answer toleave that question closed . You should always try to be clear, concrete and organized in your answers , do not leave open answers without an informative ending. This type of interview is more used in processes of middle or managerial positions and surely in a second or third session, after having passed a structured interview.

In another article I will comment on some points related to unstructured interviews that may be carried out in a restaurant or cafeteria . They are interviews that are already in a final phase and that you also need to prepare.

SEMI STRUCTURED INTERVIEW .

Here the interviewer will use direct questions to obtain concrete and concise information about what interests him in your profile and will also ask open questions to find out your motivations and receive indirect information that can contribute something to your professional profile. As in the open interview, you must organize your answer very well and give the information they ask for by being clear and concise.. Do not get too long in the answer or be too specific, giving the feeling of being a person who is not very communicative or has little initiative. This type of interview is widely used because it provides the interviewer with very specific information about the candidate’s job profile, but it also allows them to appreciate the degree of work motivation, communication skills, organization and the way of interacting (degrees of self-control, sense of humor, empathy, etc.).

STRUCTURED INTERVIEW .

Here the interviewer leads the dialogue by asking the candidate questions, based on a previously prepared questionnaire . They will be the same questions for all candidates and you want to receive clear and concrete answers. There will not be space to delay the answer much. With this type of interview it is generally desired to make a first eliminatory filter where the candidates show their professional career and give very specific information that can be valued by the company. I recommend you answer clearly and briefly.

GROUP INTERVIEW / GROUP DYNAMICS .

Here you will have the interview with other people , generally a group of no more than 10. An assumption related to the job is usually raised and from there the interviewer begins to analyze the behaviors and responses of the candidates: participation, leadership, communication, initiative, relationship with colleaguesteam. It is convenient that you participate actively but without monopolizing the situation, you must listen and find the moment to be heard. Avoid complaints and criticisms, always try to answer from a positive point of view. This type of interview is usually given in selection processes related to jobs in which you necessarily have a team or chain job, such as supermarkets, department stores, etc. It is possible that after a group interview , follow a semi structured personal interview.

I hope that all these data and information are useful to you to plan and train your job interview. If you have any new questions, you can consult me.

Carmen Paz Alza Millie. Psychologist